Although the Netherlands recognized Indonesia’s independence in 1949, it not cede control of West Papua on the basis Papuans were ethnically different. In 1962, the US forced the Netherlands to cede control of West Papua to the UN. The UN then transferred control to Indonesia the following year. It is estimated that hundreds of thousands of Papuans have been killed by Indonesian forces in the years since then.
Indonesia maintains a significant police and military presence in the volatile provinces of Papua and West Papua, a mineral-rich region where a decades-long separatist movement simmers and the predominantly Christian indigenous people resent an influx of Muslim Indonesians.
Bowling Green Daily News:
Indonesian police have demoted two officers who fired at a crowd of protesting Papuan villagers, killing one man, in a decision that rights groups said was too lenient and shows a chronic lack of accountability for abuses in Papua.
Papua province police spokesman Ahmad Musthofa Kamal said Tuesday that a national police ethics panel made the decision two weeks ago after an investigation into the Aug. 1 shooting by paramilitary police. The officers were demoted for two years and also ordered to make public apologies.
The confrontation between police and villagers erupted after workers at a company in a remote area refused to take a dying villager to hospital. A 28-year-old man died in the shooting and several others were injured including two children.
From CIW NEWS Contributor
Indonesia crime immigration
Deiyai, Papua, Indonesia
Indonesia (ID) is estimated to have a population of 260.6 million with a growth rate during 2010-2015 of 1.3% pa.
At the same rate of change, in five years' time its population will increase by 17.4 million.